A residential wind turbine is usually installed on a tall tower to harness the power of the wind and turn it into electricity. The electricity has to be converted into power that can be used by appliances contained within the home via a breaker panel. The system usually works in conjunction with power from the local power supplier. Depending on the location, the wind turbine can lower a house’s electricity bill by a half or more. There are many factors to consider when purchasing a wind turbine. For instance, cost and location are important. They will all be discussed in detail below.
What Is a Residential Wind Turbine?
Residential wind turbines are a type of wind turbine that is used for generating power for residential consumption. The residential wind turbine produces as little as 1kW of power. There are smaller units, which produce 50 watts of power. Such units are used for powering a single appliance such as a refrigerator or on a boat.
There are two variations of these types of wind turbines. You can choose either a freestanding wind turbine or a roof mounted wind turbine. A residential wind turbine is usually connected to a battery that stores the energy it produces. The excess power can then be sold to the grid. Some modern wind turbines do not feature a battery. It is especially so if they are hooked up to the grid. Rooftop wind turbines have a lower output than freestanding wind turbines. One of the reasons that may influence your choice is the location of your house. At times, the wind turbine may need to be moved some distance from the home, where is no obstruction of the wind.
The Advantages of a Residential Wind Turbine
One of the obvious advantages of installing a residential wind turbine is that it is good for the environment. The United States is currently one of the greatest producers of greenhouse emissions. The emissions are slowly choking the planet to death. A residential wind turbine gives the homeowner an opportunity to make a positive contribution to the environment.
With a residential wind turbine generator, a home qualifies to get some cash rebates. However, this depends on the state in which you live. At times, if the wind flow is powerful enough, a home can eliminate all its electricity. Additionally, it could start receiving checks from the power company for selling power to it. The cash rebates are one of the main reasons anyone should sign up for this type of power.
Another reason that you should use wind energy is that it creates jobs. The country is still reeling from economic shocks that caused many people to lose their jobs. Thus, by installing a residential wind turbine, you are doing good things for the economy’s recovery. You are putting people back to work with each purchase. According to recent reports, the residential wind turbine sector could employ as many as half a million people in coming decades. The reason is that the manufacturing of residential wind turbine kits is an intensive process that requires expertise from many different fields.
Another benefit is that they require little to no maintenance. When a residential wind turbine is installed in a home, little needs to be changed. The reason is that it has very few moving parts.
The costs of maintenance can be lowered even further if a residential vertical wind turbine is installed. It is an innovative design to the normal wind turbine. The main benefit is that it can produce more power than the usual wind turbine. The reason is that it can generate power from the wind that comes from multiple directions. However, it does at times require a nudge to begin moving, especially if it is quite huge.
Additionally, a wind turbine unit requires little time to install. There are no changes to the homes electrical wiring when such a unit is installed. Modern residential wind turbines come with a panel that converts the electricity into a usable form. You should install the wind turbine unit in your home if you live in a place with good wind resources. Except for the initial purchase cost, you will never have to incur another major cost.
Guidelines for Determining if a Residential Wind Turbine Is Right for You
The first step to installing a residential wind turbine is to know the amount of wind resources you have. A good wind turbine will require at least 10 miles per hour wind before it starts generating power. For the optimal performance, a wind turbine requires between 12 to 20 miles per hour winds. The U.S. Department of Energy has a map of all the wind resources in the country. You can use this map to determine how much power you will get from your turbine. You can then use it to see if it is cost effective according to your annual power consumption.
Another factor is the residential wind turbine cost. In some states, the cost is supplemented through tax exemptions. Additionally, these states buy excess energy produced by the turbine. It helps to lower the cost over a period. Since a wind turbine has a lifetime of 30 years or more, you will get back every penny you spent. However, it is not the case in some states. Thus, you will bear the cost of running and maintaining the wind turbine.
You should also consider the codes implemented by your local authority. However, it is worth noting that few places restrict the construction of wind turbines. For you to be on the safe side, it is important to speak to the authorities to avoid violating any bylaws. It could lead to hefty fines.
If properly installed, wind energy could be an important way to fight climate change. However, a residential wind turbine needs to be installed optimally to ensure that it makes financial sense. Thus, it is important to invite an expert to conduct the installation. Additionally, if you plan to install this unit, you should talk to the neighbors. Ask them if they would be willing to make a positive impact on the environment. Additionally, some may have concerns about noise pollution. Talk to them to abate any fears they may have. Wind turbines produce very little noise, so you can expect everything to be fine.