Is your doorbell on the fritz? Have you tried poking around to see what the source of the problem may be, but are not sure how to fix the issue?

Learning how to fix a doorbell is not nearly as complicated as you might think. It requires some time, the right tools, and perseverance to get the job done. If you are tired of your doorbell malfunctioning and going haywire, our step-by-step guide will show you how to resolve the issue at once.

HOW TO REPAIR A WIRED DOORBELL

set of tools

Photo by energepic.com from Pexels

GATHER YOUR SUPPLIES

Before you learn how to fix a doorbell, it is important to discern between the two main categories of doorbells common to homes here in the U.S. There are wired doorbells and wireless doorbells. The easiest way to know which you have is by examining the device. When you take the doorbell apart, see whether the device contains visible wiring. If it does, you have a wired doorbell. If there is no wiring, you have a wireless device.

Here, we will teach how you to repair a wired doorbell. When doorbells stop working, most of the time the problem is not difficult or costly to fix. Before you get started, you need to gather the right tools. You will need to grab a screwdriver and voltage tester.

REMOVE THE SWITCH

Start by taking your screwdriver and dislodging the screws from the mounting bracket. Remove the switch from the wall, but leave the wires in place for now.

CHECK FOR LOOSE WIRES

wired doorbell

Wikimedia Commons

Before doing anything else, check to see if the wires are loose. Sometimes, the only issue causing your doorbell to malfunction is loose wiring which you can tighten easily. If you try to tighten the wires, however, and the problem is not resolved, you will need to check to see if there is a problem with the power.

CHECK THE POWER 

Take your voltage tester and use it to look at the power in each set of wires. Do not push the button on the doorbell at this point. One wire could contain power. However, if neither respond to the voltage tester, the issue behind your doorbell malfunction is likely the transformer or circuit.

If one wire is transmitting power, you can keep moving forward with learning how to fix a doorbell. Check the wire without power and press the doorbell. If your wiring does not receive power once you press the button, it is time to install a new switch. If you press the button and the wire receives power, but no sound comes from the bell, your chime might be out of order.

HOW TO FIX A DOORBELL

If you need to install a new switch, the first thing you need to know about how to fix a doorbell is to remove the wires. Gently loosen the screws holding the wires in place and remove the wires from the old switch before installing your new switch. Next, take care to bundle the wire clockwise around the screws in your new switch, to keep them more secure.

Secure the screws tightly to the new switch and test the doorbell to see if you can hear your chimes once more. If so, you can reinstall the bell. If this step does not work, your issue is likely the transformer or chime.

HOW TO FIX A DOORBELL

If you need to install a new switch, the first thing you need to know about how to fix a doorbell is to remove the wires. Gently loosen the screws holding the wires in place and remove the wires from the old switch before installing your new switch. Next, take care to bundle the wire clockwise around the screws in your new switch, to keep them more secure.

Secure the screws tightly to the new switch and test the doorbell to see if you can hear your chimes once more. If so, you can reinstall the bell. If this step does not work, your issue is likely the transformer or chime.

LOOK AT YOUR TRANSFORMER

If your chime or transformer is the problem, take your voltage tester to test for power. Make sure your voltage connections are securely fastened. Put your voltage tester on 50-volt AC and compare with your transformer to see if it is within a range of 2 volts.

If your transformer tests within a range of 2 volts, your transformer is working just fine, and the chime is the source of the problem. If the transformer is not within a range of 2 volts, turn off the power and secure any loose wiring.

In the event that you gather the wires, turn on the power, and the transformer is still malfunctioning, you will need to install a new one. Before installing a new transformer, turn off any power that reaches it and use your tester to ensure that there are no live wires.

Detach your wires, using tape or markers to differentiate them and make sure you attach them correctly to the new transformer.  Take your new transformer, connect your marked wires to the right location, and secure it to the wall.

LOOK AT THE CHIME

If your chime is the problem, the first thing you need to do to learn how to fix a doorbell is to detach the outer plate and check for any loose wires. Use your voltage tester to test for power and have a friend or family member tap the switch to see if you hear anything.

If the chimes are not ringing, you will need to install a new chime the same way as you would a transformer. If your wires are getting power but not transmitting properly to ring the chime, your wires are off.

With such scenarios, you might need to install new wiring. However, the most likely solution is to install a wireless doorbell instead that avoids faulty wires altogether.

HOW TO REPAIR A WIRELESS DOORBELL

wireless doorbell

OPEN THE COVER

If you have a wireless doorbell device, learning how to fix a doorbell starts with opening the cover.

Use a screwdriver to detach the cover from the doorbell and chime as there may be a few small screws in place.

CHANGE OUT THE BATTERIES

Change out the batteries in your chime and doorbell device with new ones.

Most of the time, learning how to fix a doorbell without wires is as simple as installing new batteries.

LOOK AT THE FREQUENCY INDICATOR

Look at the frequency indicator on your doorbell chime and button. Their frequency should be identical. If they diverge, take the jumpers near the battery and move them so that the frequency is the same.

A good pair of needle-nose pliers will make this task simple to perform. Once you have altered the jumper settings, screw the covers on again and see if the doorbell is working. If not, it is time to take out the chime.

TAKE OUT THE CHIME

For this phase of how to fix a doorbell, you will need to detach the device from your wall completely and move it in closer proximity to the doorbell button. If the doorbell works again at this point, the issue might have been the metal studs affixing it to the wall previously. Metal studs have a tendency to inhibit the chime’s function. Putting wood shims over them and reinstalling the device could resolve the issue entirely.

MOVE YOUR CHIME

Another last tip for how to fix a doorbell with that is wireless is to move it higher against the wall. For example, if your floor is made of concrete and the chime is positioned near the floor, this will inhibit your signal. Try moving your chime around to test for the position that receives the best sound.

FACTORS TO CONSIDER WHEN BUYING A NEW DOORBELL

doorbell

UNDERSTAND THE TECHNOLOGY OF A DOORBELL

Part of learning how to fix a doorbell is understanding the technology of a doorbell. If you purchase a new device, wireless or not, there are key factors to consider.

With wireless doorbells, these devices are powered by Radio Frequency. Whenever you hit the doorbell button, signals transmit to the receiver resulting in your chimes ringing. Wireless doorbells typically contain a sound bandwidth between 300 MHzs to 500 MHzs. Wired doorbells are manufactured the old-fashioned way, with wires connecting to a switch.

CONSIDER THE RANGE

If you are considering purchasing a wireless doorbell, you need to understand the range at which it can process a signal. Some devices have a range of only 100 feet while others have ranged as high as 300 or 600 feet.

DECIDE ON THE VOLUME

No matter what type of doorbell you choose, identifying how to fix a doorbell may require you to decide your preferred chime volume. You do not want to have the volume so loud that it hurts your ears, nor do you want to have one so low you never hear it ring. Test out different chimes to see what volume is right for you. Many wireless devices allow you to adjust the volume according to your preferences.

LIGHTING IS KEY

You might purchase a lit device when deciding how to fix a doorbell. These are especially useful to make your doorbell easily seen in the dark. Some devices even have motion sensors, making it simple to discern what is outside your door and manage the surrounding light.

CONCLUSION

Learning how to fix a doorbell is an important skill for any homeowner. Whether you are dealing with a wired or a wireless device, the process of fixing, maintaining, or replacing your doorbell takes little time and cost. With a few simple tools and our step-by-step guide, you will get to the root of the problem in no time at all.